Tuesday, May 10, 2011

FERROCEMENT

Ferrocement is a form of reinforced concrete using closely spaced multiple layers of mesh and/or small dia rods completely infiltrated with mortar.

It is thinner and lighter than RCC structures and has greater tensile strength and more flexibility than RCC. /one can create a lot of interesting shapes with ferrocement. It is water tight and thus finds application in structures like water tanks, roofs etc.

It also uses lesser quantity of cement and steel and is hence cost effective compared to RCC.
Typical Cross section

Ferrocement Roofing using ferrocement channels

Roofing using ferrocement U sections

With Ferrocement, it is possible to make slabs of thicknesses as less as 20mm, which can be used in applications like door shutters, water tanks etc.

Ferrocement is especially useful for cost effective housing projects. The technology is easy to master and even ordinary masons can be trained to use this. There is a large scope for application in developing countries, where the resources are scarce.

APPLICATIONS -

v Doors and Windows- Frames and Shutters.
v Wall panels, Roofing Elements, Flooring channels, Precast Toilets
v For setting up Temporary shelters for workers toilets, Site offices, etc.
v Water tanks, Manhole covers, Stair Treads, cupboard shelves etc.

A ferrocement door shutter

Water tank

Ferrocement Toilet

PROCESS –

The first thing required is a base mould over which casting can be done. The negative mould (because it is in the opposite shape of the final structure), is often made of brick, sand and mortar. The mould is made first and is allowed to set

Mould for Ferrocement channel

A portable mould

Once the mould is ready, the basic reinforcement cage is made using 8mm rods and chicken mesh. 2-3 layers of chicken mesh are spread over the reinforcement and tied in place by binder wires. Once the basic reinforcement is ready, waste oil is applied on top of the mould. This is to facilitate easy debonding during the final removal of the finished structure.

A marginal layer of mortar is laid over the mould, over which the reinforcement layer is placed.

Finally, once the chicken mesh reinforcement is properly in place, mortar is then applied from the top and finished in the desired shape. The thickness of this mortar layer is around 10-15mm.

The finished structure is allowed to set completely and then removed from the mould. After this, regular curing is to be carried out using hessian bags and water. Normally, the structure is cured for around 28 days for complete structural integrity.


3 comments:

  1. Dear Madam or Sir
    Would be grateful if someone can give me the contact details of the author of this excellent article.
    Regards
    Rubin
    rubinkiritparekh@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  2. Ferrocement Society of India is working for development of this technology.
    www.ferrocementindia.com

    ReplyDelete
  3. Good one you explain. all building and civil related work to must use for the pre engineering process is very well done to introduce. its call us for PEP. Majorly access material is aluminium scaffolding for access and tools used for core work. Thanks for the opportunity. and Thanks Admin.

    ReplyDelete